Mengenal Tanaman karet

Karet adalah tanaman perkebunan tahunan berupa pohon batang lurus. Pohon karet pertama kali hanya tumbuh di Brasil, Amerika Selatan, namun setelah percobaan berkali-kali oleh Henry Wickham, pohon ini berhasil dikembangkan di Asia Tenggara, di mana sekarang ini tanaman ini banyak dikembangkan sehingga sampai sekarang Asia merupakan sumber karet alami. Di Indonesia, Malaysia dan Singapura tanaman karet mulai dicoba dibudidayakan pada tahun 1876. Tanaman karet pertama di Indonesia ditanam di Kebun Raya Bogor. Indonesia pernah menguasai produksi karet dunia, namun saat ini posisi Indonesia didesak oleh dua negara tetangga Malaysia dan Thailand. Lebih dari setengah karet yang digunakan sekarang ini adalah sintetik, tetapi beberapa juta ton karet alami masih diproduksi setiap tahun, dan masih merupakan bahan penting bagi beberapa industri termasuk otomotif dan militer.

Klasifikasi botani tanaman karet adalah sebagai berikut:

Divisi : Spermatophyta
Sub divisi : Angiospermae
Kelas : Dicotyledonae
Keluarga : Euphorbiaceae
Genus : Hevea
Spesies : Hevea brasiliensis

Tanaman karet merupakan tanaman perkebunan yang tumbuh di berbagai wilayah di Indonesia. Karet merupakan produk dari proses penggumpalan getah tanaman karet (lateks). Pohon karet normal disadap pada tahun ke-5. Produk dari penggumpalan lateks selanjutnya diolah untuk menghasilkan lembaran karet (sheet), bongkahan (kotak), atau karet remah (crumb rubber) yang merupakan bahan baku industri karet. Ekspor karet dari Indonesia dalam berbagai bentuk, yaitu dalam bentuk bahan baku industri (sheet, crumb rubber, SIR) dan produk turunannya seperti ban, komponen, dan sebagainya.

Hasil karet biasa dimanfaatkan atau diolah menjadi beberapa produk antara lain adalah : RSS I, RSS II, RSS III, Crumb Rubber, Lump, dan Lateks. Hasil utama dari pohon karet adalah lateks yang dapat dijual atau diperdagangkan di masyarakat berupa lateks segar, slab/koagulasi, ataupun sit asap/sit angin. Selanjutnya produk-produk tersebut akan digunakan sebagai bahan baku pabrik Crumb Rubber/Karet Remah, yang
menghasilkan berbagai bahan baku untuk berbagai industri hilir seperti ban, bola, sepatu, karet, sarung tangan, baju renang, karet gelang, mainan dari karet, dan berbagai produk hilir lainnya.

About these ads

33 thoughts on “Mengenal Tanaman karet

  1. Thanks a lot for your challenge not to mention work! This stuff within your blog might be fantastic. At the same time I just considerably recognize a thoughts. In my position these are definitely fundamental details. Nevertheless thank you. Great look over.

  2. Many thanks for your personal challenge along with work! These things on the site can be awesome. Also My spouse and i considerably treasure your current tips. Personally these are generally essential matters. Nonetheless cheers. Decent look over.

  3. You really make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this matter to be really something which I think I would never understand. It seems too complicated and very broad for me. I’m looking forward for your next post, I will try to get the hang of it!

  4. It can be rare to encounter a professional in whom you can have some trust. In the world of today, nobody absolutely cares about showing others the way out in this subject matter. How blessed I am to have actually found a real wonderful site as this. It truly is people like you exactly who make a genuine difference nowadays through the tips they write about.

  5. Thank you so much for providing individuals with an exceptionally spectacular chance to read articles and blog posts from this website. It’s usually so cool plus stuffed with fun for me personally and my office friends to search your web site at minimum three times a week to find out the latest issues you will have. And lastly, I am also at all times impressed concerning the brilliant concepts you serve. Some 3 points on this page are really the finest we’ve ever had.

  6. The new Zune browser is surprisingly good, but not as good as the iPod’s. It works well, but isn’t as fast as Safari, and has a clunkier interface. If you occasionally plan on using the web browser that’s not an issue, but if you’re planning to browse the web alot from your PMP then the iPod’s larger screen and better browser may be important.

  7. This is getting a bit more subjective, but I much prefer the Zune Marketplace. The interface is colorful, has more flair, and some cool features like ‘Mixview’ that let you quickly see related albums, songs, or other users related to what you’re listening to. Clicking on one of those will center on that item, and another set of “neighbors” will come into view, allowing you to navigate around exploring by similar artists, songs, or users. Speaking of users, the Zune “Social” is also great fun, letting you find others with shared tastes and becoming friends with them. You then can listen to a playlist created based on an amalgamation of what all your friends are listening to, which is also enjoyable. Those concerned with privacy will be relieved to know you can prevent the public from seeing your personal listening habits if you so choose.

  8. Hello There. I found your blog using msn. This is an extremely well written article. I’ll make sure to bookmark it and return to read more of your useful information. Thanks for the post. I will definitely return.

  9. I’m feeling your website Hahaha). I am curious, may I cite a little of your content for a school assignment I am working on? If yes please email me and let me know. Much appreciated.

  10. Thanks for taking the time to talk about this, I feel fervently about this and I take pleasure in learning about this topic. Please, as you gain information, please update this blog with more information. I have found it very useful.

  11. Thanks for your tips about this blog. A single thing I would wish to say is purchasing electronic products items over the Internet is not something new. In reality, in the past several years alone, the marketplace for online electronic products has grown significantly. Today, you will find practically almost any electronic tool and gizmo on the Internet, ranging from cameras along with camcorders to computer components and games consoles.

  12. Hiya, I found your site by using The search engines whilst seeking a related matter, your site came up, it seems like very good. I’ve saved it in my google bookmark

  13. Ping-balik: Laporan Pengolahan Lateks « millamaulidia

  14. Ping-balik: Kisah Sedih WNI di Perantauan… | bijak.net

Tinggalkan Balasan

Isikan data di bawah atau klik salah satu ikon untuk log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Logout / Ubah )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Logout / Ubah )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Logout / Ubah )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Logout / Ubah )

Connecting to %s